A Nyíregyházi Jósa András Múzeum évkönyve 50. (Nyíregyháza, 2008)

Gyűjteménytörténet - L. Nagy Márta: Saáry Sándor

Sándor Saáry I first met the name of Sándor Saáry (Fig. 1) when examining Bronze Age material from Nyíregyháza-Bujtos and the Morgó Cemetery. There were slips of paper in vessels saying „Saáry Collection". Already being familiar only with some pieces of the collection, I got interested in this man (Fig. 2-3). Sándor Saáry was born in Nyíregyháza in 1862. He graduated from the local Lutheran secondary school and studied medicine in Budapest, starting his praxis in his hometown in 1881. Saáry married Erzsébet Vidliczkay who in 1892 gave birth to their son (Fig. 4). Unfortunately, he lost both his wife and son very early, in 1911 or 1912. Beside his medical and collector activity Sándor Saáry had a number of offices. He was a member of the Szabolcs County Municipal Court, and that of the governing board of the Luthe­ran school, served as presbyter of the Lutheran church. At a time he was elected vice-president of the local organisation of the 1848 and Independence Party (Fig. 7). After his retirement in 1919 he started to make the description of his collection and regu­larly published articles in the local newspaper Nyírvidék (see Saáry's bibliography). He died after a long illness in 1925, at the age of 64. For almost thirty years Sándor Saáry was the chief medical officer of Nyíregyháza, physi­cian of the district workers' insurance company, for ten years the school doctor of the secondary school and also for ten years the physician of the Sóstó Spa. He also served as physician in the imperial and royal army. In the First World War he was chief of the department in a Red Cross hospital. His weapon collection was of great value (Fig. 10-12) including a total of 240 swords. At that time it was the second largest repertory after the Esterházy Collection in Forchtenstein. Beside Bronze Age objects, there were finds from the Neolithic, Iron Age and time of Hungarian Conquest (Fig. 13-16). The number of vessels and pottery fragments reached 8,000 pieces. However, the most outstanding part of the Saáry Collection consisted of Bronze Age materials: beside the bronze hoard from Bujtos, he collected several objects from Balsa, Rohod, Gégény, Nyírpazony, Harangod, Besz­terec and Nyírkarász. Beside archaeological finds, Saáry collected ethnographic objects from the vicinity of Nyíregyháza, among them a nobleman's chest from Tiszolc, shepherds' equipment, glass beakers, jugs, plates, beakers and silver vessels (Fig. 17-18). By his will he bequeathed his collection to Nyíregyháza. The town took over the objects promising to fulfil the donator's dream and form the Town Museum (beside or together with Col­lection of Town History active from 1924). After Saáry's death in 1926 his collection was merged into the Collection of Town Histo­ry. Later, in 1950 it was included into Jósa András Museum, where Saáry's collection was invento­ried in 1955. Part of Egyptian, Roman and Greek sculptures were taken over by the Museum of Fine Art, but some pieces remained in the Nyíregyháza Museum. Márta L. NAGY Jósa András Museum Nyíregyháza H-4401 Pf. 57. e-mail: namara@freemail.hu