Folia archeologica 43.

FOLIA ARCHAEOLOGICA XLIII. 1994. BUDAPEST MATERIAL AND CHRONOLOGICAL REVISION OF THE KISKEVÉLY CAVE Viola T. DOBOSI-István VÖRÖS I. ARCHAEOLOGICAL REVISION History of research 1868. On the 23rd of December Antal Koch announced at the session of the Geological Society that cave bear bones had been found in the Kiskevély cave during "treasure-hunting". These bones laid the foundations of the future vertebrate collec­tion of the Hungarian Geological Institute. 1912. Imre Bekey directs Jenő Hillebrand's attention to the cave which is at a height of 170 m above the village Csobánka in Dachstein limestone. 1 Between the 13th of May and the 5th of June Hillebrand makes excavations in the cave. Mihály Lenhossék and Lajos Lóczy visit the excavations. During the dig­ging up of the trial trench of 3 X 12 m's extension Hillebrand finds that he can reach the bedrock near the entrance already at a 3,5 m's depth while in the inner cavity he is unable to reach it even at 6,5 m. Sequence: - alluvium; blackish, later brownish, grey at the end - yellowish grey clastic clay, the fauna contains reindeer and horse bones, the archeological finds are cracked bones, worked antlers, retouched stone tools. - pure yellow clay with the remains of cave bears and "Kiskevélyi type tooth blades" - brown-brownish red clay with hyena remains and pebble tools similar to the Mousterian tools of Tata - yellow, plastic clay, without archeological finds, with hyena remains The excavators thinks the infilling of the cave to be of allochtonous origin, ex­cept some negligable "action of wind", here and there with hiatus. The fauna list is published in a comprehensive manner, remarking only that while in the lower layer it is the cave bear which is dominant in the upper layers rein­deer is the dominant animal. According to the ecological reconstruction during the 1 Hillebrand, J. 1913/a. 20-21.