Folia archeologica 38.

FOLIA ARCHAF.OLOGICA XXXVIII. 1987. BUDAPEST The present study is dedicated to Prof. Miklós Kret^oi on his 80 t h birthday THE PILISSZÁNTÓ I. ROCK-SHELTER REVISION Viola T.DOBOSI - István VÖRÖS I. ARCHAEOLOGICAL REVISION The results of the excavations of the Szeleta cave surprised both Hungarian and foreign experts. No wonder that these discoveries gave a new impetus to the study of the Palaeolithic in Hungary. Within a few years a number of important sites — first of all caves — were excavated. The Pilisszántó (Orosdy) rock shelter is one of them. When in 1946 L. Vértes conducted successful excavations in the small cave near this rock shelter, he marked the two sites with Roman numerals to distinguish them. The former Orosdy rock-shelter became the „Pilisszántó I. rock-shelter (Psz I Rsh), while the other site became the Pilisszántó II. rock-shelter (Psz 11 Rsh). TOPOGRAPHY The Psz I Rsh (in Kadic's first report it is called Orosdy rock-shelter) lies in the vicinity of the village of Pilisszántó, in the rock range of the south­east foot of Mt. Pilis. It is 423 m above sea level: its 10.5 m wide entrance faces east— north-east. The entrance leads to a hall with a funnel. The greatest length of the hall is 8.80 m, its greatest breadth is 9.05 m at the small niche in the rear 1. HISTORY OF RESEARCH 1912. After report of the enthusiastic tourist and amateur speleologist, I. G. Bekey and a survey made by M. Lenhossék; О. Kadic made trial excavations in the rock-shelter between the 24th and 27th of October. He excavated a 2 m wide, and 6 m long section (later he corrected the length to 4m), the depth of which reached 2 m in some places. Though an extremely rich palaeontological material had come to light from the section, in the absence of archaeological finds he left the further excavations in the hands of T. Kormos 2. 1 Kormos 1915, 310. 2 Kadic 1913, 73.